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Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1988; 21(6): 970-978

Published online December 1, 1988

Copyright © Journal of Chest Surgery.

Effect of Diltiazem Cardioplegia on the Myocardial Protection and Functional Recovery of the Isolated Perfused Rat Heart

최종범,송인기,최순호,최봉규,문영희

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

There is tendency of increasing number and decreasing age of patients who are indicated for Rastelli operation for their cyanotic congenital heart disease. So there is the need to find the criterion which saves the patients from early postoperative hemodynamic disturbances. We reviewed the 26 patients who had been performed Rastelli operation at Seoul national University Hospital from January 1981 to June 1988. mean age of the patients was 7.8*3.4 years[range 2.5-15years], mean body surface area[BSA] 0.79*0.25m2[range 0.49-1.51m2] and mean hematocrit 57.95*12%[range 48-80%]. We divided these patients into survived group and died group before postoperative 72 hours, and analyzed preoperative arterial oxygen saturation[SaO2], the ratio of diameter of right pulmonary artery to ascending aorta[RPA/AA], the ratio of both right and left pulmonary artery diameter to descending thoracic aorta[RPA+LPA/DTA], pulmonary artery index[PA index], cardiopulmonary bypass time, aorta cross-clamping time, postoperative perfusion state and total amount of dopamine infused postoperatively. The results showed that RPA+LPA/DTA and PA index were statistically significant factors to influence early postoperative cardiac death rate[P< 0.05]. Especially there were good linear correlations between PA index[X] and peripheral perfusion index[Y][Y= - 1.15+0.02 X, r=0.86, P<0.01]and between PA index[X] and total amount of dopamine infused before postoperative 72 hours[mg/kg, Y][Y=61.94 - 0.15 X, r=-0.80, P < 0.01]. Also there were tendencies that the higher RPA+LPA/DTA[Y], the better peripheral perfusion [X] and the lower need of dopamine[X], but no statistical significance.[Y=0.78+1.60 X, r =0. 49, P >0.05] And the discriminate analysis showed that patients with PA index over 221 mm2/BSA could undergo correction with 25 per cent of error rate. In conclusion, early postoperative hemodynamic states could be predicted by preoperatively measured PA index, and which can be used as a criterion for Rastelli operation performed on cyanotic congenital heart disease.

Article

Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1988; 21(6): 970-978

Published online December 1, 1988

Copyright © Journal of Chest Surgery.

Effect of Diltiazem Cardioplegia on the Myocardial Protection and Functional Recovery of the Isolated Perfused Rat Heart

최종범,송인기,최순호,최봉규,문영희

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

There is tendency of increasing number and decreasing age of patients who are indicated for Rastelli operation for their cyanotic congenital heart disease. So there is the need to find the criterion which saves the patients from early postoperative hemodynamic disturbances. We reviewed the 26 patients who had been performed Rastelli operation at Seoul national University Hospital from January 1981 to June 1988. mean age of the patients was 7.8*3.4 years[range 2.5-15years], mean body surface area[BSA] 0.79*0.25m2[range 0.49-1.51m2] and mean hematocrit 57.95*12%[range 48-80%]. We divided these patients into survived group and died group before postoperative 72 hours, and analyzed preoperative arterial oxygen saturation[SaO2], the ratio of diameter of right pulmonary artery to ascending aorta[RPA/AA], the ratio of both right and left pulmonary artery diameter to descending thoracic aorta[RPA+LPA/DTA], pulmonary artery index[PA index], cardiopulmonary bypass time, aorta cross-clamping time, postoperative perfusion state and total amount of dopamine infused postoperatively. The results showed that RPA+LPA/DTA and PA index were statistically significant factors to influence early postoperative cardiac death rate[P< 0.05]. Especially there were good linear correlations between PA index[X] and peripheral perfusion index[Y][Y= - 1.15+0.02 X, r=0.86, P<0.01]and between PA index[X] and total amount of dopamine infused before postoperative 72 hours[mg/kg, Y][Y=61.94 - 0.15 X, r=-0.80, P < 0.01]. Also there were tendencies that the higher RPA+LPA/DTA[Y], the better peripheral perfusion [X] and the lower need of dopamine[X], but no statistical significance.[Y=0.78+1.60 X, r =0. 49, P >0.05] And the discriminate analysis showed that patients with PA index over 221 mm2/BSA could undergo correction with 25 per cent of error rate. In conclusion, early postoperative hemodynamic states could be predicted by preoperatively measured PA index, and which can be used as a criterion for Rastelli operation performed on cyanotic congenital heart disease.

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